About Krav Maga
The Krav Maga Yashir program is made up of 4 components. These are:
Movement, Striking, Blocking & Self Defense Program(s)
The Krav Maga Yashir system is based and founded on sound common combat principles, and teaches these to a specific methodology. It is this which makes it a distinct system, as opposed to a collection of disparate techniques. All of the techniques within the system adhere to these principles, and interlock together to create a comprehensive system of self-defense. Because of this adherence to principle, reuse of techniques is possible, and certain techniques are almost interchangeable e.g. a knife control or disarm can be used as a gun disarm and vice versa.
Below is a list – not exhaustive – and explanation of some of the concepts and principles upon which the Krav Maga Yashir system is founded.
Founding Concepts & Principles
If a person points a gun at your head you don’t need (or want) to wait to see if the pull the trigger to confirm that they have harmful intent towards you, equally if a person is displaying an array of Pre-Violence Indicators (PVI’s) towards you, you don’t need to wait for the inevitable punch or attack before dealing with them. Pre-emptive striking is taught from day-one in the Krav Maga Yashir system, based off of the understanding that the person who attacks first has the advantage, and this is something you don't want to give to an assailant but instead claim it for yourself.
Attack Should Follow Defense As Close As Possible
It is impossible to survive a real-life conflict by having a defensive mindset and only focusing of dealing with the assailant’s attacks. To survive, an assailant has to be taken out of the fight as quickly as possible. This involves either inflicting enough pain and damage that they emotionally take themselves out of the fight, or physically incapacitating them by destroying limbs or putting an assailant unconscious (by knocking them out or choking/strangling them out). These actions should be taken as quickly as possible, as the longer the duration of the fight, the more likely a person is to suffer injury, or see their assailant aided by third parties etc. This is why an attack should be made as soon as possible, after a defense – a person should work offensively not defensively. Every defense movement or technique should form part of an attack.
Defense as Attack
In Krav Maga Yashir there are no “Defensive” movements, every movement and technique in its intent is an attack. When a block is performed against a punch, a stab or a slash, the blocking arm is intended to cause as much trauma to the attacker’s arm as possible. Rather than just be a defensive movement the blocking arm is looked upon as an attack. By having defensive movements that cause pain and damage to an assailant, it causes them to hesitate when making future attacks, as they are aware of the potential pain that will accompany their next assault, as well as take away the timing of their strikes (this is important when dealing with knife attacks, where the knife will be recoiled and reset after an initial stab or slash) etc.
Hand Defense/Body Defense
In a real life conflict, especially when a person is surprised, it is unrealistic to expect that they will perform every technique 100 %. This means some form of contingency needs to be built in. Rather than rely purely on a hand or arm to make a complete defense, a body defense is associated so that if the hand defense isn’t fully effective the body defense will compensate. The idea is that if the hand-defense is performed perfectly (100% defense) and the body-defense is performed perfectly (100% defense), there is effectively a 200% defense in place.
Combined with this is the concept that the body defense should be used to put the person defending an assault into a position where they can launch their own attack e.g. attack, should follow defense as quickly as possible.
Soft Strikes into Hard Strikes
The Krav Maga Yashir system breaks striking down into two halves: soft strikes & hard strikes. A soft strike is one which doesn’t require any power to have an effect, such as an eye strike or groins strike – these targets can be hit with a “soft” striking tool such as the fingers, or the back of the hand. Hard strikes, use hard striking surfaces, such as the fists, elbows, shins or knees etc. To be effective, these generally require the body to be aligned and positioned so that it is able to generate power, something which is often difficult to achieve in the initial moments of a confrontation – especially if a person is surprised. This is why the Krav Maga Yashir system advocates the initial use of soft strikes, such as eye and groin strikes to disrupt an assailant, and as these are thrown, the body can be positioned to follow up with hard strikes that can disable an assailant.
The Krav Maga Yashir system follows the continuum: disrupt, damage, destroy and disengage. The first strikes that are thrown should be ones that have the greatest chance of disrupting an attacker, and take into account that fact that a person is usually surprised and not in the optimum position to deliver powerful strikes. A bad eye strike, is much more effective than a bad punch, so the chances of having a better effect with an eye strike than a punch in the first moments of a fight means that such a strike is favored – as would a groin slap, or throat strike (all strikes that don’t have to land perfectly to disrupt an assailant’s attack). After these initial “soft strikes” have been thrown, disrupting an assailant’s attack, and allowing for the body to be properly aligned, “hard” power strikes are used to finish the fight.
The Use of Natural Reflexive & Instinctive Movements
The body naturally has certain inbuilt defensive mechanisms that it uses to instinctively protect itself from a variety of threats and attacks e.g. we will naturally bring are hands to our throat, if we are being choked or strangled and flinch when we catch fast movement crossing into our peripheral vision. Krav Maga Yashir uses these movements as the foundation for many of its defenses.
There are many things that we may lie to think we would do when attacked, and then there are those things that we will do i.e. our natural reflexive movements. Rather than try and build “new” responses, the Krav Maga Yashir system builds on these natural movements creating what are called “Assemblies”, which are trained and learnt movements associated with reflexive ones e.g. when we flinch because somebody throws a punch or makes a slashing attack with a knife, the natural arm movement is used to block whilst a “trained” movement, moving to the side and towards the attacker is added; creating an assembly.
Life Threatening Attacks – Attack the Attack
In Krav Maga Yashir the first and primary goal is to make yourself safe, before you attack the assailant. There is little use trying to attack an attacker if they are in the process of choking you out. Your priority is to clear the choke and then attack your assailant. If the attack, is a lapel, wrist or clothing grab, it is non-life threatening and so the attacker can be assaulted without clearing the grab.
This leads to the principle, “if it is a life-threatening attack, attack the attack, if it is a non-life threatening attack, then attack the attacker.”
Use of the Environment
A fight is not something that happens in a vacuum. Despite mostly training in matted environments, where the floor is even and there are no natural tools that could be used as improvised weapons, the real world is full of objects that could be used in both an offensive and defensive manner. Krav Maga Yashir practitioners are taught how to use common objects for their own defense, and that these should often be the first things that are used when threatened or attacked.
A parked car, can be used to create an effective defensive barrier to prevent an assailant getting close to us, tables and other pieces of furniture can be used in the same way. Improvised weapons
are categorized in the following way:
By understanding how to categorize objects in this manner, a practitioner can look at their environment and understand not only what can be used as a weapon but how it should be used as well. If a student is trained in offensive stick fighting, then they will also know how to use other objects that resemble a stick.
A fight is not a combat sports match where there are rules, and participants know what to expect from each other. In a real-life conflict, anything can happen e.g. a knife can be pulled when on
the ground as well as when standing. If you only train to expect certain things, then when the unexpected happens you will find yourself both surprised and unprepared. Three basic assumptions
that are taught in the Krav Maga Yashir syllabus are:
Working from these 3 assumptions you should be prepared to deal with any situation you have to face, and should not be surprised if/when the direction of the conflict changes.
The Krav Maga Yashir system uses all of the above principles and concepts (as well as others) to design and modify its techniques as well as its approach to real-life violence, so that it provides comprehensive and effective solutions to real-world violence. It also teaches students how to predict, identify and avoid violence in the first place, using a system of Self-Protection.
Self-Protection & Personal Safety
It is far easier to avoid becoming a victim of a violent assault than it is to deal with one, especially if it involves weapons and multiple assailants. By teaching practitioners how violent assaults occur and what prior steps assailants need to take in order to launch an assault, students of Krav Maga Yashir are taught how to predict and avoid violence before it occurs. To read more about this approach, please click here (this will take you to the SEPS - Situation Effective Protection System - website).
Combat Fitness/”Cosher Kravi”
Reality Based Self-Defense is comprised of three components: simple, effective techniques, an aggressive mindset and physical fitness. Once a person’s adrenaline is used up, all that they are left with is their underlying physical fitness. If this is lacking, and they don’t have the necessary gas in the tanks, it matters little how technically competent they are. Being able to function in an exhausted state is something that is necessary if a person is to survive a real-life encounter. Our Combat Fitness program prepares the practitioner for that reality. To read more about this please click here.
Search For Articles
Krav Maga Yashir
Gershon Ben Keren, was approached by Tuttle Publishing in 2013 to write a book based of this blog, giving practical instruction in the techniques and solutions to violence that he recommends. If you would like to buy the book on Amazon, click here.
By Gershon Ben Keren
Should Throws, Throwing & Takedowns Be Part of Krav Maga? Planning & Preparation Better To Be Tried By 12 Than Carried By 6 Control Of Range Realistic Expectations Travel Security Lessons Vehicle Ramming Attacks Why Would Somebody Attack You With A Knife? Manchester Terror Attacks The Pertinent Negative More Of The Same Reality Based Ground Fighting Emotional Intelligence Codes And Jargon Multi-Phase & Multi-Dimensional Training Lone Wolf Terrorism & ISIS Witnesses Violence As Communication Sadists And Psychopaths Timeline of Violence Existential Honor Muggers & Mugging Pain Management Systems Methods of Attack Proactive Vs Reactive Blocking Knife Attacks - Pre-Violence Indicators Opportunity Where Traditional Martial Arts Get It Right Simplified Thinking (How Children Think) Training To Improvise Fitness Conditioning Predicting Violence Through Movement Unsettling People Fear Versus Anxiety The Importance Of Breathing Intervening On Another Persons Behalf (Part 2) Intervening On Another Persons Behalf (Part 1) How To Get Guns Into A Government Building Tai Sabaki & Body Defense Training Methods That Can Mislead Is Krav Maga Relevant That Will Never Work On The Street Group Violence (Part 2) Violence Towards Animals Group Violence (Part 1) Training Vs Reality Why Scenario Based Training Is Essential For Krav Maga Lessons From Competition That Can Be Applied In Real Life Prescriptive Solutions Vs Situational Solutions Sun Tzu & Death Ground The Usefulness Of Judo & Krav Maga The Men Should Just Stop Raping Women Argument Predators & Socially Awkward Situations Runners Safety Decision Trees Humility, Respect & Martial Arts Cults Home Invasion (Part 2) Home Invasion (Part 1) Terrorism & Mental Illness The Benefits Of The Freeze Response Nice Truck Attack Synchronization Of Movement Blocks As Attacks Specificity of Violence Active Shooter (Part 2) - Hide, Fight Active Shooter - Run, Hide, Fight (Running) Working Under Pressure Dads Dont Know Muhammad Ali Using Items As Intended Being A Hero By Disengaging Baselines Heavy Bag Workouts Are Two Handed Choke Defenses Relevant? Krav Maga And Conflict Resolution Jargon And Terminology Telegraphing The Illusion Of Speed Repeat Victimization Big Picture Violence Personal Safety & Social Media Workplace Violence (Trespass) Women's Self Defense Use of Force Air Rage Kidnappings And Risk Assessments 5 Personal Safety Myths That Put You In Danger Exceptions To The Rules Ride Sharing Services Rushing It Specificity When Instead Of How Speaking Out Active Shooters Cyberbullying Adults And Children Dog Attacks Predatory Kids And Teens High Heel Self Defense What Can Self Defense Training Do For Me Personal Safety Blind Spots Ignore Them And They Will Go Away Ringcraft For The Street The Myth of Striking What If Mass Shootings In The US Versus Knife Crime In The UK What Has MMA Ever Done For Us The Myth Of The Krav Maga Groin Strike Intervening In Domestic Disputes Children And Adults RBSD Responsibility And Blame Workplace Violence School Shootings And Islamic Terrorism Campus Safety How Simple Is Simple? Weather, Heat & Violent Crimes The Self Defense Component Failing & Failure Assault & Abuse A Legal Perspective Becoming An Active Bystander Not Wanting To Hurt People Justification For Violence Justification & Secondary Motives Real Life Predator Process Backing Down & Backing Away Scanning Situational Awareness - The Environmental Aspect Returning To The Scene Of The Crime The Value & danger of Experience Preemptive Striking Civil Unrest Part 2 Flash Mobs & Civil Unrest Natural Surveillance & Bystanders Marathon Weekend Always Room For Improvement Training for Reality - Putting the Pieces Together Becoming Versatile Weapons Vs Targets Treating Each Step towards Disaster as Normal The Post Conflict Phase of Violence Not Limiting Yourself By The Obvious Color Codes & The Timeline of Violence Empowerment Through Personal Safety Women\'s Self Defense - The Same Tired Old Story Investment, Optimism & Expectations De-escalation - Saying Sorry Martial Arts & The Movies Burglary Terrorist Attacks, Workplace Violence & Evacuation Strategies Dirty Fighting - Eye Gouges, Biting and Spitting Location - Accepting Reality Car Services, Taxi\'s, Crimes & Assaults Knockout Strikes, Continued Assaults & Killing Grounds Walking Away Interpreting Body Language Holiday Shopping Safety Convincing Others Self Defense Applications & Technology Falling for Predator's "Traps" Defensive Knife Carry Protecting Friends & Family Members etc. Punching Problems - Fixing Common Errors (Part 2) Punching Problems - Fixing Common Errors (Part 1) Adult Bullying/Workplace Bullying Female Sexual Assailants Pepper Spray - Types & How To Use Them OC/CS Spray Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Back to School Cell Phones Dating Advice Heuristics & Planning Inflicting Damage on Others Testing Your Models of Violence Risk Assessments Situational Visualization Location & Crime Intent Never Stop Learning Assertiveness Dogs & Self Protection Sink, Swim or Float? Worst Case Scenarios What To Do After Disarming A Firearm Personal Safety/Personal Responsibility Parking Lots 5 Responses To Violence Improvised Weapons (Re-visited) Situational Self Defense Clothing Grabs Combatives & The Martial Arts Decisiveness Going To Ground Notes On Firearm Disarms Violence As A Last Resort It\'ll never happen to me Would You Ever Get Into A Car With A Stranger? The False Safety of Crowds Multi-Dimensional Training School Shootings (Part 2) School Shootings (Part 1) Training Partners Multiple Assailants Joining The Dots - Spoiling Weapon Draws Training With Heroes Secrets Disrupt, Damage, Destroy, Disengage Warning Signs Denial - Recognizing The Signs Removing Heads From Sand Workplace Violence Gradings & Lifting Weights Pick Pockets Visualization The 5 Step Predator Process Think Like The Predator Extreme Violence Disruption Before Execution Screaming & Shouting Re-Victimization Situational Awareness Combatives & The Combative Mindset Personal Responsibility, Blame & the One Stop Martial Arts Shop Meeting Violence With Violence Some Lessons From The Terrorism Awareness Course Responding To Media Reports of Violence Dealing With Anger Presenting Real Life Violence To Children Choking Under Pressure Reality Based Knife Training Sparring Training Intervening on Behalf of Strangers Environmental Training - Beach Training Giving Up What\'s Your Krav Maga?! Terrorism & Personal Safety - The Next Steps Boston Marathon, Terrorism & The Future Mobile Phones & Personal Safety Saving Face - Conversations About Date Rape Lessons From Hostage/Crisis Negotiators Reverse Knife Slashes, Natural Instincts & Working To Principles Interpreting Body Language Adrenaline (Part 3) Adrenaline (Part 2) Adrenaline (Part 1) Ritualistic Violence Beyond Survival - Learning To Let Go Lessons From Close Protection Training Threats, Promises, Intimidation & Statements of Intent Why People Become Violent (Part 2) Why People Become Violent (Part 1) New Year\'s Resolutions Starting 2013 On The Right Footing School And Airport Safety/Security Etc & How We Address Security Issues In Our Personal Lives UK/US Gun Culture & Connecticut Shootings Defense & Attack The Path To Black Belt Use of Force Drilling Being Tough Being Tough - CQC Training CQB/CQC Training The Place Of Non-Compliance In Training Meeting Force With More Force The Moral Authority To Act Honesty In Training Perceptions of Violence The Dynamic Risk Assessment Self Protection: Gaining Defense In Depth The Right Balance of Training Habituation Beyond Technique Edged Weapons The Disadvantage of Time Guns, Knives & Videotape Armed Assaults Movement, Movement & More Movement Principle 10 Principle 9 Scanning - Control Of The Environment Principle 6 - Power Punching Being The Athlete/Person You Want To Be Travel Security - Airport Pickups Training In Different Environments 10 Principles of Fighting - Principle 5 10 Principles of Fighting - Principle 4 10 principles of Fighting - Principle 3 10 Principles of Fighting - Principle 2 10 Principles Of Fighting Relationship Abuse Combat Fitness/Cosher Kravi The Art of \"Throwing\" \"Visual\" Decision Making Reaching Decisions, Acting & Choosing the Right Time to Act Denial, Deliberation, Decision Loop - Deliberation The Dynamic Risk Assessment - The Denial, Deliberation & Decision Loop Improvised Weapons (Security Overseas Part 2.5) Security Overseas - Part 2 Security Overseas When To \"Defend\" Yourself Self Defense, Fighting & Pre-emptive Striking Dealing With Angry People - De-escalation Self Protection Continued - People\'s Instinct For Anger The Importance of Self Protection Simultaneous Blocks & Counters Using The Body\'s Natural Defenses Retzef & Attacking Soft Targets Attack The Attack, Attack The Attacker Systems of Self Defense Vs Encyclopedias of Self Defense The Monkey Dance The Role Of Third Parties & Bystanders In Incidents Of Violence Peripheral Doubts Krav Maga as an \"Art\" and as a \"Self Defense\" System Movement, Movement, Movement.... Training To Survive Training With Different Partners The Power Behind The Punch Today\'s Kettlebell Training Strength & Conditioning Training To Hand Over The Wallet Or To Act What Is Reality Based Self Defense???? Going To Ground - Ground Survival The Evolution of "The Street Fight" & Krav Maga Being Realistic In What We Expect Ground Survival Reality Ground Fighting